​​​​​​​​​​​​Base Line

A specification that has been formally reviewed and agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development or change and that can be changed only through formal change control procedures or a type of procedure such as configuration management.​


Baseline-Target comparisons

Getting insight in the gap between the baseline (IST) and the target (SOLL) architecture​.​

Big Data

Large and complex datasets typically combining multiple sources of information.

Big Data Analysis

The analysis of Big Data. See also: Big Data

Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K)

A trans-National Institues of Health initiative established to enable biomedical research as a digital research enterprise, to facilitate discovery and support new knowledge, and to maximise community engagement.


An organized collection of (human) biological material and associated data which is stored, processed and searchable.

Represents a (potentially re-usable) component of business, IT, or architectural capability that can be combined with other building blocks to deliver architectures and solutions.
Building blocks can be defined at various levels of detail, depending on what stage of architecture development has been reached. For instance, at an early stage, a building block can simply consist of a name or an outline description. Later on, a building block may be decomposed into multiple supporting building blocks and may be accompanied by a full specification. 
Building blocks can relate to ‘‘architectures’’ or ‘‘solutions’’.​

Business Intelligence (BI)

The collection of data within their trading activity. It can be described as the process of converting data into information, which should then lead to knowledge and encourage appropriate action.

Business Layer

The Business Layer depicts business services offered to customers (i.c. researchers), which are realized in the organization by business processes performed by business actors.