​​​​​​​​​​Platform as a Service (PaaS)

The capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumer-created or acquired applications created using programming languages, libraries, services, and tools supported by the provider. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, or storage, but has control over the deployed applications and possibly configuration settings for the application-hosting environment.

​​​​​​​​​​Persistent Identifier (PID)

A long-lasting reference to a document, file, web page, or other object (real or abstract).

See also: Digital Object Identifier (DOI)​​

Personal Data or Identifiable Data

Data that alone or in combination with other data may reasonably be expected to identify an individual. 

Policy Transitional View

Transitions in RDM policy along the datalifecycle.


Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM)

A service for handling authentication. PAM services can be integrated into non-web based (native) IT services.​


The ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.

See also: Medical Privacy

Private Cloud

​​The cloud infrastructure is provisioned for exclusive use by a single organization comprising multiple consumers (e.g., business units). It may be owned, managed, and operated by the organization, a third party, or some combination of them, and it may exist on or off premises

Private Information

This includes information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, and information that has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and that the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (for example, a medical record). Private information must be individually identifiable (i.e., the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information) in order for obtaining the information to constitute research involving human subjects. 


A server that acts as a broker, which is located between the internet and local area network(s). If an user wants to access a server provider, the user is redirected by the proxy to the identity provider for authentication, and after authentication the identity together with attributes will be sent to the service provider for authorization.​

Pseudonymisation or Coding

The act of replacing an identifier with a code for the purpose of avoiding direct identification of the participant.

See also: Anonymisation

Public Cloud

The cloud infrastructure is provisioned for open use by the general public. It may be owned, managed, and operated by a business, academic, or government organization, or some combination of them. It exists on the premises of the cloud provider and is a form of providing public cloud services and a Cloud Service Providers business model.

Public Domain

The body of knowledge and innovation in relation to which no person or other legal entity can establish or maintain proprietary interests.

Public Engagement

An inclusive act ranging from the active involvement of a population or subpopulation in the development, management or governance of a project, to the provision of information and raising awareness of a project.